More and more people are now spending their money on different plastic surgery procedures. From eyelid surgery to breast enhancements, procedures to altering physical appearance are starting to become more common and popular now more than ever.
But, just like anything else in this world, cosmetic surgery procedures always come with certain risks and consequences.
Anesthesia refers to the use of medications that can make you unconscious. This lets patients undergo a surgery without feeling or experiencing the procedure.
However, general anesthesia can often result to complications and these can include stroke, heart attack, lung infections, and sometimes, even death. While it is very rare, it is still possible to wake up right in the middle of the surgery or known as anesthesia awareness.
More common risks of anesthesia include vomiting and nausea, shivering, and waking up disoriented and confused.
It is expected to experience blood loss with any form of surgery. But, uncontrolled blood loss may result to reduced blood pressure that can have potentially fatal outcomes. While blood loss can occur right on the operating table, this can also happen after surgery internally.
General Dissatisfaction with Appearance
Many people are usually satisfied with the results that they get after plastic surgery and studies suggest that a lot of women in particular are contented with the outcomes of their breast enhancement surgery.
However, there is still the possibility to feel disappointed with the results. People who go through breast surgery might also experience asymmetry or contouring issues, while those who undergo facial surgeries might not really like the outcomes.
Hematoma refers to the pocket of blood that looks like a painful large bruise. This often occurs in 1% of breast enhancement procedures. This is also the most usual complication following a facelift procedure that can occur in around 1% of patients. Hematoma more commonly occurs in men than women.
This condition is a very common risk in almost all surgeries. There are times when treatment may include additional operations for draining the blood when the accumulation of blood is big or is growing fast. Another procedure may be required to be done in the operating room and there are also instances when additional anesthetic is also needed.
Even if postoperative care already includes steps for lowering the risks of infection, this still remains to be among the more common risks of plastic surgery.
For example, infections can occur in some people who go through breast enhancement. Cellulitis is a skin infection might occur after the surgery. There are also instances when infections may be internal and become severe that may then require IV or intravenous antibiotics.
There is also the imminent dangerous possibility of nerve damage in various kinds of surgical procedures. Tingling and numbness are also quite common after cosmetic surgery and may be indications of nerve damage. More often than not, this nerve damage might just be temporary. However, there are cases when nerve damage can become permanent.
Many women experience some changes in their sensitivity following a breast enhancement surgery and some of them may also suffer permanent changes when it comes to nipple sensation.
There are some cosmetic surgeries that can be very traumatic or even damaging for the internal organs such as during liposuction.
Visceral punctures or perforations can take place once the surgical probe has come into contact with the internal organs. Additional surgery may be required to repair such injuries. There are times when these perforations might also become deadly.
Pulmonary Embolism and Deep Vein Thrombosis
DVT or deep vein thrombosis refers to the condition in which blood clots are formed in the deep veins, often in the leg. The moment these clots have broken off then end up travelling to the lungs, this is called PE pulmonary embolism.
These kinds of complications are somewhat not common and affect just a small number of all patients who undergo plastic surgery. But, these clots tend to be fatal.
The abdominoplasty procedures often have somewhat higher rate pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis among all the patients although the numbers are still relatively low. The risk of clots is up to five times much higher for people who undergo several procedures compared to those who only have one procedure done.
Surgeries usually result to some form of scarring or another. Since the purpose of cosmetic surgery is to make your appearance better, scars can cause some serious trouble down the road.
For example, hypertrophic scarring is the abnormally thick and raised scar. This can occur in some patients who undergo tummy tucks together with the hard and smooth keloid scars.
Seroma refers to the condition that takes place once the sterile body fluid or serum has pooled under the skin’s surface that can result in swelling and sometimes, even pain. It can happen after all types of surgeries and is also the most common form of complication after a tummy tuck.
Since seromas can get infected, a needle is often used for draining them. It can effectively remove the seroma although it is possible for recurrence to occur.
The Bottom Line
All in all, the complications associated with cosmetic surgery are rare. Based on studies, complications occur in less than 1% of outpatient surgeries.
Just like most types of surgeries, cosmetic surgery complications are much more common in some people. For instance, older adults, obese people, and smokers are more at risk of complications.
You can lower your risks of these unwanted side effects through vetting your surgeon and verifying credentials. It is also important to investigate and look into the facility or clinic where the surgery will be held.
Educating yourself regarding the specific procedure you are getting and its potential risks and letting your doctor aware of your concerns can also help you in managing your expectations and lowering the risks of complications. Doing so can help you ensure that you will get the most out of your plastic surgery procedure.